Key outputs include recommendations for:
Temporary liberalisation of cargo flights
Considering priority vaccination of air crew
Increased cooperation among governments to implement CART recommendations and guidance
Updated or new guidance for:
COVID-19 risk management including vaccination and its interdependencies
Dangerous goods guidelines for the carriage of cargo on passenger aircraft used in freighter operations
A new mechanism for reporting extended regulatory alleviations
“This is a major piece of work by states and aviation stakeholders under the leadership of ICAO and with the full support of the industry. Of course, these recommendations, guidelines and tools are only meaningful if they are adopted universally. It is crucial that states implement this guidance, particularly as they plan for the restart of international aviation when borders are able to open. As we have said many times, it was easy to shut down aviation with individual decisions. Restarting and maintaining operations to deliver economically and socially vital connectivity can only happen if all parties work together. The CART recommendations are the building blocks for that cooperation,” said Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s Director General and CEO.
Urgency to Implement
“One of the most important recommendations from this work is the call for national authorities to ensure that CART delivers results in national decision-making. We all know how important aviation is to the economy. And the harmonized implementation of these guidelines is what will put people back in jobs by getting the industry moving again. As ICAO tracks implementation, it is also critical to track the impact of latest developments in COVID-19 on risk management frameworks, especially as we learn more about the effectiveness of vaccines against transmission,” said de Juniac.
Harmonizing Testing Certificates
The requirements for globally accepted COVID-19 test certificates including the technology framework for securely creating digital versions and the future incorporation of vaccination certificates were agreed. These recommendations are now included in the ICAO Manual on Testing and Cross-Border Risk Management Measures.
From the perspective of preparing for an industry restart, this is one of the most significant outputs of CART. Public opinion also reflects this with a recent IATA poll reporting that 89% of respondents believe that governments must standardize vaccination and testing certificates. It will be a critical element for maximizing the benefit of the IATA Travel Pass and other technologies being developed to manage digital travel credentials.
Vaccination and Travel
CART supported two major policy recommendations related to vaccinations that will be critical to an efficient restart of international flying:
Prioritising access to vaccination for aircrews: The CART recommendation follows the guidance provided by the World Health Organization with a framework on what states should take into consideration when deciding vaccination priority groups. Crew vaccination will help enable sufficient “ready-to-fly” aircrew to maintain critical supply chains, especially related to the transportation of vaccines and other medical supplies.
Traveller vaccination: CART has recommended that travelers should not be vaccinated for international travel.
Regulators have had the challenge of maintaining high safety levels with sufficient regulatory alleviations to adjust for the extraordinary situation of an industry that has been largely grounded for a year now. With the support of the industry, ICAO has taken the position to replace existing alleviations with specific actions. It is supporting this with a Targeted Exemptions (TE) system enabling states to post and access a registry of actions taken to maintain the validity of their certificates, licenses, and other approvals during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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